From MyOpenMBA


Leadership is the study and practice of leading individuals, teams and organizations.

Within a bureaucratic structure, leadership is sometimes referred to as "management". Burns (1978) makes the distinction that "management" is a transactional process (characterized by a focus on processes, contingent rewards and management by exception), whereas "leadership" is a transformational process which focuses on charisma, personal relationships and creativity.

Max Weber created the Tripartite classification of authority in 1922, delineating three possible sources for a leader's perceived legitimacy. (Weber's use of authority is equivalent to leadership in the present sense):

  1. Traditional authority is derived from an established set of cultural traditions (e.g. patriarchy, monarchy),
  2. Legal authority is derived from the modern state's legal and constitutional framework, and
  3. Charismatic authority is derived from an individual's moral character and the perception that they have an ability to lead and a clear vision.

Further Reading[edit]

  1. Burns, James MacGregor. Leadership. New York, NY: Harper and Row, 1978.


  1. Wikipedia - Leadership (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leadership)
  2. Wikipedia - Tripartite classification of authority (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tripartite_classification_of_authority)